STUDY OF ROMANS.
The Pastor of a local community church, which my wife and I are currently
fellowshipping at, has started a study of Romans and he gave some good steps to
follow. This is my understanding of the eight steps which he outlined and my commentary
along with the historic, cultural and geographical hermeneutic applied. I pray that
this page may be a blessing to all who read it.
Step 1. Know the Genre.
Context is king in scriptural interpretation. Historical, cultural and geographical
context. The 5W’s of journalism (who, what, when, where and why) needs to be
1a. Epistle. A letter to the currently mixed assembly of Messianic Jews and Gentile
Christians. A letter written to unify the church of Jesus the Christ in Rome by the
power of the Gospel of grace.
1b. Prepare them to help his mission. Rom. 15:24 I hope to see you in passing as I
go to Spain, and to be helped on my journey there by you, once I have enjoyed your
company for a while.
1. Historic references to Jesus and the expulsion of the Jews from Rome by
Claudius 25, Suetonius refers to the expulsion of Jews by Claudius.
“Since the Jews constantly made disturbances at the instigation of Chrestus, he
expelled them from Rome.”
Most historians date this expulsion to around AD 49-50. Suetonius refers to the
leader of the Christians as Chrestus (a term which may have also been used by
Tacitus) and was also common at the time, particularly for slaves, meaning good or
useful. However, Suetonius is confused in the passage and assumes that Chrestus was alive at the time of the disturbance and was agitating the Jews in Rome.
2. Scriptural references re:expelled Jews from Rome.
a. Acts 18:1-2 After this Paul left Athens and went to Corinth. And he found a Jew
named Aquila, a native of Pontus, recently come from Italy with his wife Priscilla,
because Claudius had commanded all the Jews to leave Rome.
b. Act 2:10 Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya belonging to
Cyrene, and visitors from Rome.
These Jews and prostelites returned to their homes after their pilgrimage to
Jerusalem for the Feast of Weeks and were converted on the day of Penticost. Filled
with the Holy Spirit they proclaimed the Christ upon their return home.
Step 2. Know the lay of the land. Read the Book of Romans.
Historical, cultural and geographical hermeneutic.
Step 3. Break it into chunks. Use Bible paragraphs, chapters and sections.
Step 4.. Make observations. Words and phrases.
Step 5. Ask questions.
The questions drive what you don’t know about the text.
Step 6. Read other books.
Scripture, commentaries, dictionaries, historical documents and the writings of the
early church fathers.
Paul did make it to Rome. Acts 28:Paul Arrives at Rome
11 After three months we set sail in a ship that had wintered in the island, a ship of
Alexandria, with the twin gods as a figurehead. 12 Putting in at Syracuse, we stayed
there for three days. 13 And from there we made a circuit and arrived at Rhegium.
And after one day a south wind sprang up, and on the second day we came to
Puteoli. 14 There we found brothers and were invited to stay with them for seven
days. And so we came to Rome. 15 And the brothers there, when they heard about
us, came as far as the Forum of Appius and Three Taverns to meet us. On seeing
them, Paul thanked God and took courage. 16 And when we came into Rome, Paul
was allowed to stay by himself, with the soldier who guarded him.
Paul in Rome
17 After three days he called together the local leaders of the Jews, and when they
had gathered, he said to them, “Brothers, though I had done nothing against our
people or the customs of our fathers, yet I was delivered as a prisoner from
Jerusalem into the hands of the Romans. 18 When they had examined me, they
wished to set me at liberty, because there was no reason for the death penalty in my
case. 19 But because the Jews objected, I was compelled to appeal to Caesar—
though I had no charge to bring against my nation. 20 For this reason, therefore, I
have asked to see you and speak with you, since it is because of the hope of Israel
that I am wearing this chain.” 21 And they said to him, “We have received no letters
from Judea about you, and none of the brothers coming here has reported or
spoken any evil about you. 22 But we desire to hear from you what your views are,
for with regard to this sect we know that everywhere it is spoken against.”
23 When they had appointed a day for him, they came to him at his lodging in
greater numbers. From morning till evening he expounded to them, testifying to the
kingdom of God and trying to convince them about Jesus both from the Law of
Moses and from the Prophets. 24 And some were convinced by what he said, but
others disbelieved. 25 And disagreeing among themselves, they departed after Paul
had made one statement: “The Holy Spirit was right in saying to your fathers through
Isaiah the prophet:
“‘Go to this people, and say,
“You will indeed hear but never understand,
and you will indeed see but never perceive.”
For this people’s heart has grown dull,
and with their ears they can barely hear,
and their eyes they have closed;
lest they should see with their eyes
and hear with their ears
and understand with their heart
and turn, and I would heal them.’
28 Therefore let it be known to you that this salvation of God has been sent to the
Gentiles; they will listen.”
30 He lived there two whole years at his own expense, and welcomed all who came
to him, 31 proclaiming the kingdom of God and teaching about the Lord Jesus Christ
with all boldness and without hindrance.
Step 7. Put it in a sentence.
Develop one boiled down concept.
We are all one in the Body of Christ. The gospel of Grace is for all men at all times
and blessed is he who hears these words and calls upon the name of The Lord. For
all who call upon the name of The Lord will be saved. We are not to be in
competition with other churches. We are to be complementary to the other churches
which God has established.
Rom 10:9 because, if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in
your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.
Step 8. How does this apply to me?
What should I do with this? How should I do this? How should I apply this to my life?
How have I seen it? How does this apply to my world?
HOW HAVE I SEEN THIS TRUTH!
I invite all who desire the pure milk of the Word to join me as we start this study of
Romans. It is the Gospel of grace and will impart to us the grace and peace of our